Khalase e bonolo
Khalase e halefisitsoeng kapa e tiisitsoeng ke mofuta oa khalase ea polokeho e sebetsoang ke kalafo e laoloang ea mocheso kapa ea lik'hemik'hale ho eketsa matla a eona ha a bapisoa le khalase e tloaelehileng. Tempering e beha bokaholimo bo kantle ho khatello ebe bokahare bo ka hare e ba tsitsipano. Matšoenyeho a joalo a baka hore khalase, ha e robehile, e soahlamane ka likaroloana tse nyane tsa granular ho fapana le ho phatloha ka har'a li-shards tse matsutla joalo ka khalase ea poleiti (aka khalase e kentsoeng). Likhechana tsa granular ha li na monyetla oa ho baka kotsi.
Ka lebaka la polokeho le matla a eona, khalase e bonolo e sebelisoa lits'ebetsong tse ngata tse hlokang tlhokomelo, ho kenyeletsoa lifensetere tsa koloi ea baeti, mamati a shaoara, mamati a likhalase le litafole tsa moetso, literei tsa sehatsetsi, ba sirelletsang skrine ea mohala oa thekeng, joalo ka karolo ea khalase e sa keneleng likulo, bakeng sa limaske tsa ho qoela, le mefuta e fapaneng ea lipoleiti le lisebelisoa tsa ho pheha.
Matlotlo
Khalase e bohale e ka ba makhetlo a mane ho feta khalase e khabisitsoeng ("e tloaelehileng"). Sekhahla se seholo sa lera le kahare nakong ea tlhahiso se baka khatello ea maikutlo holim'a khalase e lekantsoeng ke khatello ea maikutlo 'meleng oa khalase. Khalase e tenya e bohale ba 6-mm e tlameha ho ba le bonyane khatello ea bokaholimo ea 69 MPa (10 000 psi) kapa khatello ea bohale e seng ka tlase ho 67 MPa (9 700 psi). E le hore e nkoe e le khalase ea polokeho, khatello ea sefahleho e fetang li-megapascals tse 10000 (15,000 psi). Ka lebaka la khatello ea sefahleho e ntseng e eketseha, haeba khalase e ka robeha e robeha likotoana tse chitja ho fapana le li-shards tse bohale. Tšobotsi ena e etsa hore khalase e bonolo e bolokehe bakeng sa lits'ebetso tse phahameng tsa khatello le ho phatloha.
Ke khatello ena ea bokaholimo e fang khalase e matla matla a eketsehileng. Lebaka ke hore khalase e koahetsoeng, e batlang e se na khatello ea maikutlo ea kahare, hangata e etsa mapetso a microscopic, mme ha ho se na khatello ea bokaholimo, tsitsipano efe kapa efe e sebelisitsoeng ho khalase e baka tsitsipano e kaholimo, e ka tsamaisang phatlalatso. Hang ha lepatso le qala ho jala, tsitsipano e ntse e tsepama ntlheng ea khefu, e etsang hore e jalehe ka lebelo la molumo oa thepa. Ka lebaka leo, khalase e khabisitsoeng e senyeha habonolo mme e roba likotoana tse sa tloaelehang le tse bohale. Ka lehlakoreng le leng, khatello ea maikutlo e khabisang khalase e na le phoso mme e thibela ho ata kapa ho hola ha eona.
Ho itšeha kapa ho sila hohle ho lokela ho etsoa pele ho bata. Ho seha, ho sila le ho ba le tšusumetso e bohale kamora ho halefa ho tla etsa hore khalase e robehe.
Mofuta oa khatello o bakoang ke ho halefa o ka bonoa ka ho shebeloa ka polarizer ea mahlo, joalo ka likhalase tsa mahlaseli tsa letsatsi.
Sebelisa
Khalase e bonolo e sebelisoa ha matla, ho hanyetsa mocheso le polokeho e le lintho tsa bohlokoa. Ka mohlala, likoloi tsa baeti li na le litlhokahalo tsohle tse tharo. Kaha li bolokiloe kantle, li lula li futhumatsa le ho pholisa hammoho le liphetoho tse matla tsa mocheso ho pholletsa le selemo. Ho feta moo, ba tlameha ho mamella litlamorao tse nyane tse tsoang lithakong tsa 'mila joalo ka majoe le likotsi tsa mebileng. Hobane likhalase tse kholo, tse bohale tsa khalase li ka hlahisa kotsi e eketsehileng hape e sa amoheleheng ho bapalami, ho sebelisoa khalase e bohale hore haeba e robehile, likotoana li be lerootho 'me boholo ba tsona li se na kotsi. Sekoaelo sa moea kapa fenstere e kapele ea koloi e entsoe ka khalase e laminated, e ke keng ea thuhakana likotoana ha e robehile ha lifensetere tse mahlakoreng le fenstere e kapele ea koloi hangata e le khalase e bohale.
Likopo tse ling tse tloaelehileng tsa khalase e bonolo li kenyelletsa:

  • Mamati a mathule
  • Mehaho ea lipapali
  • Matangoana a ho sesa
  • Li-facade
  • Mamati a shaoara le libaka tsa ho hlapela
  • Libaka tsa lipontšo le lipontšo
  • Litora tsa likhomphutha kapa linyeoe

Meaho le meaho
Khalase e bohale e boetse e sebelisoa mehahong bakeng sa likopano tse sa sebetsoang (joalo ka mamati a khalase a se nang mochini), lits'ebetso tse laetsoeng ka sebopeho, le ts'ebeliso efe kapa efe e ka bang kotsi haeba motho a ka ba le tšusumetso. Likhoutu tsa kaho United States li hloka khalase e bohale kapa e tlotsitsoeng maemong a 'maloa ho kenyelletsa mabone a mang a leholimo, haufi le mamati le litepisi, lifensetere tse kholo, lifensetere tse atamelaneng haufi le mokato, mamati a thellisang, lilifti, liphanele tsa lefapha la mollo le haufi le matangoana a ho sesa.
Lisebelisoa tsa malapa
Khalase e bonolo e boetse e sebelisoa ka tlung. Thepa e 'ngoe e tloaelehileng ea ka tlung le lisebelisoa tse sebelisang khalase e bonolo ha li na mamati a shaoara, litlhōrō tsa litafole tsa khalase, lishelefo tsa khalase, khalase ea khabinete le khalase ea libaka tsa mollo.
Ts'ebeletso ea lijo
"Ho halefa" ho bontša hore sebaka se lekanyelitsoeng, joalo ka mophetho oa khalase kapa poleiti, se na le moea o bonolo ebile se tumme ts'ebetsong ea lijo. Leha ho le joalo, ho boetse ho na le baetsi ba litsebi ba fanang ka tharollo ea lino-mapholi tse halefileng ka botlalo / tse ka tlisang melemo e eketsehileng ka matla le ho hanyetsoa hoa mocheso. Linaheng tse ling lihlahisoa tsena li boletsoe libakeng tseo ho hlokahalang hore li be le ts'ebetso e eketsehileng kapa li na le tlhoko ea khalase e sireletsehileng ka lebaka la ts'ebeliso e matla.
Khalase e nang le mocheso e boetse e bone tšebeliso e eketsehileng ea libareng le libakeng tsa thekiso ea lijo, haholo-holo United Kingdom le Australia, ho thibela likhalase tse robehileng li sebelisoa e le sebetsa. Lihlahisoa tse khabisitsoeng ka khalase li ka fumanoa lihoteleng, libareng le lireschorenteng ho fokotsa likhaohano le ho eketsa litekanyetso tsa polokeho.
Ho pheha le ho baka
Mefuta e meng ea khalase e bonolo e sebelisetsoa ho pheha le ho baka. Baetsi le lihlahisoa ba kenyelletsa Glasslock, Pyrex, Corelle, le Arc International. Hona hape ke mofuta oa khalase e sebelisetsoang mamati a ontong.
Ho etsa thepa
Khalase e bonolo e ka etsoa ka khalase e kentsoeng ka mokhoa o futhumatsang. Khalase e beoa holim 'a tafole, e e fetisa seboping se e futhumatsang hantle ho feta mocheso oa eona oa phetoho oa 564 ° C (1,047 ° F) ho isa ho 620 ° C (1,148 ° F). Khalase e hatseloa ka potlako le meralo e qobelloang ea moea ha karolo e kahare e lula e lokolohile ho phalla nako e khuts'oane.
Ts'ebetso e 'ngoe e matlafatsang ea lik'hemik'hale e kenyelletsa ho qobella khalase ea khalase bonyane 0,1 mm botenya ho e hatella ka phapanyetsano ea ion ea li-ion tsa khalase ka holim'a khalase le li-ion tsa potasiamo (tse 30% kholo ho feta), ka ho ineloa ka khalase ka bate ea nitrate e qhibilihisitsoeng ea potasiamo. Ho thatafala ha lik'hemik'hale ho fella ka ho thatafala ho eketsehileng ha ho bapisoa le ho futhumala ha mocheso mme ho ka sebelisoa lintho tsa khalase tsa libopeho tse rarahaneng.
Likotsi
Khalase e nang le mocheso e tlameha ho khaoloa ka boholo kapa ho hatelloa hore e bōpehe pele e halefa, 'me e ke ke ea sebelisoa bocha hang ha e halefile. Ho bentsa mathoko kapa masoba a ho cheka ka khalase ho etsoa pele ts'ebetso ea mocheso e qala. Ka lebaka la khatello e leka-lekaneng ka khalase, tšenyo ea karolo efe kapa efe e tla qetella e entse hore khalase e phatlohe likotoana tse lekanang. Khalase e kotsing e kholo ea ho robeha ka lebaka la tšenyo ea bohale ba khalase, moo khatello ea maikutlo e leng kholo ka ho fetesisa, empa ho sithabetsoa ho ka etsahala ha ho ka ba le tšusumetso e thata bohareng ba khalase kapa ha tšusumetso e tsepame (mohlala, ho otla khalase ka ntlha e thatafetseng).
Ho sebelisa khalase e bohale ho ka beha ts'ireletso maemong a mang ka lebaka la tšekamelo ea khalase ea ho taboha ka botlalo holima tšusumetso e matla ho fapana le ho siea li-shards fensetereng ea fensetere.
Bokaholimo ba khalase e bonts'ang maqhubu a bokaholimo a bakoang ke ho ikopanya le masela a bataletse, haeba a entsoe ho latela ts'ebetso ena. Ho tsitsa hona ke bothata bo boholo ho hlahiseng lisele tse tšesaane tsa letsatsi tsa filimi. Ts'ebetso ea khalase ea phaphametse e ka sebelisoa ho fana ka maqephe a sothehileng a tlase a nang le bokaholimo bo bataletseng le bo tšoanang e le mokhoa o mong oa lits'ebetso tse fapaneng tsa glazing.
Liphoso tsa Nickel sulfide li ka baka tšenyo ea nako e telele ea khalase e bonolo kamora ho e etsa.


Nako ea poso: Jul-20-2020